According to the World Health Organization, musculoskeletal conditions, including various arthritis types and bone and joint disorders, are the leading causes of disability worldwide. The Global Burden of Disease study estimates that 20% up to a high of 33% of people around the world suffer from a musculoskeletal condition.
Musculoskeletal diseases affect bones, joints, and muscles. Some of the most common are the following:
There are several other disorders affecting the bone and joints, such as herniated discs, Metatarsalgia, Polymyalgia rheumatica, and Paget Disease Of Bone. In all cases, early diagnosis is the key to prevent further damage. Seeking treatment as early as possible helps improve continued productivity, ease of movement, and minimise life-long damage.
Treatment begins with a correct diagnosis. When diagnosing diseases affecting the bones and joints, doctors make use of several procedures. One of the most powerful tools is an MRI scan. An MRI scan of the bone and joints can help confirm a knee joint gap problem, inflammation, abnormalities, tumour, and the extent of damage, among others.
Physicians often recommend a combination of interventions that are aimed to help reduce pain and discomfort, slow down or minimise damage, and improve mobility and range of motion. A treatment program that addresses bone and joint disorders typically include the following.
It is a family of disorders that cause inflammation of the joints. The most prevalent forms include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Joint problem in knee or other parts of the body may be caused by any of the diseases mentioned above, the most common being arthritis. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Auto-immune diseases such as lupus, Lyme disease, and bone cancer can cause pain and damage to the joints.
Both terms are used to refer to the same condition affecting one or, in rare cases, multiple joints.
Joint pain may be caused by arthritis and any of the disorders mentioned here. It may also be caused by an injury, overuse, and old age. A family history of chronic joint pain and related diseases may also increase a person’s risk factor.
Sugar, processed and fatty foods, alcohol, salty foods and condiments, and refined carbs can all trigger flare-ups and worsen symptoms.
World Health Organization. Musculoskeletal conditions. Link: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/musculoskeletal-conditions James SL, Abate D, Abate KH, et al. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018; 392: 1789-858. Link: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)32279-7/fulltext Access Date: 8 Jun 2020
Manek N, MD, and Lane N, MD. Osteoarthritis: Current Concepts In Diagnosis And Management. Am Fam Physician . 2000 Mar 15;61(6):1795-1804 . Link: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1795.html Access Date: 8 Jun 2020
American Cancer Society. What Is Multiple Myeloma? Link:https://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiple-myeloma/about/what-is-multiple-myeloma.html#:~:text=Multiple%20myeloma%20is%20a%20cancer,fight%20infectio ns%20and%20other%20diseases. Access Date: 8 Jun 2020
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